Israel Brekhman was born in southern Russia in 1921.  He grew up
entered the Naval Medical Academy at the beginning of the 'Great
Patriotic War' (World War II) and graduated in 1945 specializing in
pharmacology.

Dr Brekhman spent his days in class and his nights on the front,
defending St. Petersburg during the German siege, while his wife
carried bread and soup across the ice to the soldiers on the front
lines.  

Upon graduation as a medical doctor in 1945, Dr. Brekhman was
assigned to the Russian Far East where he worked under his mentor
and life-long friend, Dr. Nikolai Lazarev. It was Dr. Lazarev who
initially defined the characteristics of Adaptogens and subsequently
challenged Brekhman to further that research. Brekhman set his
mission to find the components of plants that contributed to the
healthful properties of Adaptogens.
Dr. Brekhman authored many books exalting Adaptogens and their benefits. His first publication,
A New Medicinal Plant of the Family of Araliaceae - - The Spiny Eleutherococcus, was published
in 1960. His research lead to the approval of the monograph by the Pharmacological Committee
of the Ministry of Health of the USSR for clinical use.

Brekhman earned 40 patents including 21 international patents. He published 22 monographs,
several hundred scientific articles and many books. The work today being done on Adaptogens
is largely based on the cornerstone of research initiated by Dr. Brekhman and his loving wife,
Margaret Grenivich-Brekhman.

Dr. Brekhman worked at the Far East Science Center of the USSR in Vladivostok. Beginning in
1956, he conducted research on potentially useful Adaptogens to help improve human health and
well-being.
DR. ISRAEL I. BREKHMAN

NOVEMBER 1921 - JULY 1994
The Adaptogen formulations help increase physical capacity
and athletic performance, and restore the natural balance of
the cosmonauts' physiology to cope with problems of motion,
vertigo, weightlessness, enforced inactivity and difficulties in
space flight.
 
Dr. Brekhman and his associates studied the effectiveness of Adaptogenic plants on the basis of
daily and seasonal changes in individuals and under different environmental conditions. The
scientific group studied 233 plants - their admixtures and their biological actions. Dr. Brekhman
devised 4 elaborate computer programs to classify the plants and herbs as to biological and toxic
actions, and to study the beneficial effects of the herbs.
    
Dr. Brekhman identified a nucleus of ten groups of formulations having
therapeutic and beneficial properties.  

Dr. Brekhman and his group are the inventors and holders of 21 international
patents relating to his work in developing natural plant substances. The Soviet
Union presented Dr. Brekhman with various awards in recognition of his
scientific work and achievements. His work and formulations were important
and of immense help to the Russian space program and to Russia's world-
class athletes.
In 1985, The Russian Parliament bestowed it highest civilian honor on Brekhman, the Order of
Lenin, as well as the Lenin Medal for Valiant Work, and The Certificate of Honor. Brekhman led
several international symposia, and was honored as the founder of Valeology (the science of
staying well) at the international symposium on Valeology in St. Petersburg, Russia.
.
May 1983 ~ Victor Lomakin, a first secretary of
Prymorsky Regional committee of CPSU
(Communist Party of the Soviet Union), presents
Dr. Brekhman an award for great contribution in
research of natural resources, development of
productive forces of the Far East, and training of
scientific manpower.
    
Dr. Brekhman's favorite portrait of himself is this
one depicting Eleuthero roots around his neck.
The portrait was painted in 1991 by F. Tushkin.